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Like Mother, Like Daughter: Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV/AIDS

Amanda Stevenson-Grund - Friday, June 19, 2015

Without any intervention, between 15 per cent and 45 per cent of babies born to HIV-positive mothers will become infected. And half of all infants infected with HIV will die before their second birthday if they do not receive treatment.
Unicef, HIV/AIDS. Elimination of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV (EMTCT). 2015

A map shows the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Africa 

Expecting parents can assume they’ll pass certain genetic traits to their child, such as the father’s smile or the mother’s eyes. If a pregnant woman has HIV/AIDS and no access to treatment, it is likely that the child will inherit not only the harmless genetic traits, but also the deadly virus. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS is a serious and common problem. Antiretroviral therapy reduces the rate of perinatal HIV/AIDS.

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Hour of Need: Time for Better Contraceptives in Developing Nations

Amanda Stevenson-Grund - Friday, June 12, 2015

“More than 220 million women in developing countries who don’t want to get pregnant lack access to contraceptives and voluntary family planning information and services. Less than 20 percent of women in Sub-Saharan Africa … use modern contraceptives.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Family Planning. Strategy Overview. Accessed 2014.

 

Timing is everything. That’s certainly true of pregnancy. Unintended pregnancies can pose health risks to mothers and infants. Contraceptives can prevent these risks, but access to such medical resources is limited in parts of the world. There is a need for contraceptives in developing nations that must be met, despite the obstacles.

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Breathe Easy: the Orbis Solution to Nasal Polyps

Amanda Stevenson-Grund - Friday, June 05, 2015

Everyone with nasal polyps should try treatment with medicines, before considering surgery (unless there is any doubt about whether there is a more serious problem, such as tumour). Medicines for nasal polyps might be topical (for example, drops and sprays), or tablets.
Kenny and Knott, Patient. Nasal Polyps. 2014

A nasal spray sprays liquid into the air 

Typically, something that takes one’s breath away is amazing. Nasal polyps, however, can literally take away people’s breath by making it difficult to breathe. Nasal polyps are a common problem, but current treatment options are lacking.

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